15 Types Electrical Engineering Jobs and Career Pathway (2022)

With the increasing development of technology, more and more types of electrical engineering careers are becoming popular. If you’re interested in a career in this field, it’s important to learn about the different types of jobs available. Here are 15 types of electrical engineering careers to consider.

15 Jobs for Electrical Engineering Graduates

1. Electrical Engineer

Electrical engineers are involved in the design, development, testing and maintenance of electrical equipment, instruments and systems. Typical work activities include:

•Reading and interpreting schematic drawings to understand the function of a piece of electrical equipment or system

•Devising new ways to use existing technology or developing new technology to improve performance or efficiency

•Researching customer requirements and writing specifications for new products

•Testing prototypes of new products or modifications to existing products

•Designing control systems for plant machinery or other electromechanical devices

•Preparing reports on findings and recommending solutions to technical problems

•Supervising the installation, commissioning, operation and maintenance of electrical equipment and systems.

There are many different job roles that an electrical engineer can fill. Some of the most common include designing and maintain electrical systems, testing and repairing electrical equipment, and supervising the manufacturing of electrical components. Other less common but still important job roles for electrical engineers include teaching and research.

2. Power Engineer

A power engineer is a professional who is responsible for the planning, design, operation, and maintenance of electric power generation and distribution systems.

They work in a variety of industries, including electrical utilities, oil and gas production, manufacturing, and transportation. Power engineers are typically certified by professional organizations such as the IEEE or IEE.

3. Electronics Engineer

An electronics engineer is somebody who designs and creates electronic systems. This can include anything from computers and mobile phones to radar and satellite equipment.

Education requirements for becoming an electronics engineer vary depending on the country you are in, but typically include completing a four-year engineering degree. Some people with more experience may become senior electronics engineers, which involves managing teams of engineers or working on complex projects.

4. Telecommunications Engineer

A telecommunications engineer is responsible for designing, installing, and maintaining telecommunications systems.

They may work for a telecommunications company, or for a company that provides services to telecommunications companies. They may also work for the government or military.

Some of the tasks that a telecommunications engineer might be responsible for include:

  • designing telephone networks
  • installing and maintaining telephone switches and routers
  • configuring and testing telecoms equipment
  • repairing telecoms equipment
  • writing specifications for telecoms products
  • researching new technologies

5. Control and Instrumentation Engineer

Control and instrumentation engineers are responsible for the operation of equipment in industrial and manufacturing plants. They work to ensure that the machinery is running smoothly and that the output from the plant meets requirements.

 Typically, a control and instrumentation engineer will have a degree in electrical engineering, though some may have degrees in chemical or mechanical engineering. They will have had training in areas such as process control loops, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and mass transfer.

In order to become a control and instrumentation engineer, it is important to have experience working with automated control systems and be comfortable reading and interpreting P&IDs (process flow diagrams) and other control diagrams. It is also important to be able to write programs in languages such as C++ or Python.

6. Systems Engineer

A system engineer is a professional who applies engineering principles to the planning, design, implementation, and operation of systems. Systems engineering is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on how to design and manage complex systems over their life cycles. System engineers are responsible for ensuring that all aspects of a system – from component design to overall performance – meet requirements and function as intended.

Systems engineering is a relatively new field that emerged in the early twentieth century as organizations began developing increasingly complex products and projects. The challenges of managing these complex systems led to the need for a new type of engineer who could understand and coordinate all aspects of the system. In recent years, system engineering has become even more critical as organizations have looked to stay ahead of the curve in a rapidly changing and increasingly complex world.

7. Network Engineer

A network engineer is responsible for designing, implementing and managing networks. They work with companies to ensure that their networks are efficient and secure. Network engineers may also be responsible for troubleshooting issues and providing technical support.

8. Computer Engineer

A computer engineer is someone who designs and builds computers, computer networks, and computer systems. They work with a variety of hardware and software to create new devices or improve existing ones.

The job requires a strong understanding of the principles behind computing, as well as practical skills in designing and building systems. Computer engineers usually have a degree in computer engineering, electrical engineering, or software engineering.

9. Cybersecurity Engineer

A cybersecurity engineer is responsible for designing and implementing security measures to protect computer networks and systems from unauthorized access, cyber attacks, and other threats.

Some of the duties of a cybersecurity engineer may include vulnerability scanning, penetration testing, installing and maintaining firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and anti-virus software. They may also be responsible for developing policies and procedures to help protect company data from theft or loss.

If you are interested in becoming a cybersecurity engineer, it is important to have a strong understanding of computers and networks, as well as experience in programming and system administration. You should also be able to think critically about potential security threats and have the ability to come up with innovative solutions to address them.

10. Project Manager

A project manager is a professional in the field of project management. Project managers have the responsibility of the planning, execution, and closure of any project, typically relating to construction. A project manager is responsible for ensuring that the project is completed on time, within budget, and within scope.

A project manager typically works with a team of engineers, architects, and other professionals who are responsible for designing and carrying out the construction. The project manager coordinates the work of these individuals and ensures that they are working together efficiently to achieve the objectives of the project.

The skills required to be a successful project manager include good communication, organizational, and leadership skills. A project manager must also be able to handle stress well and have a good understanding of construction.

11. Controls Engineer

Controls engineers design, develop, and maintain the control systems that regulate the processes for a wide range of industries. They create algorithms to interpret data from various sensors and optimize industrial equipment performance. Many controls engineers work in manufacturing or energy production and management.

In their work, controls engineers apply mathematics and engineering principles to design systems that gather data from various sensor types, interpret this data, and use it to automatically regulate equipment performance.

The sensors installed on the equipment measure factors such as fluid levels, speed, pressure, or temperature.

The control system may also receive input from operators through switches or dials. This input is processed by algorithms written by the controls engineer that take into account variables such as safety limits, productivity goals, or resource availability.

The output of the algorithms is used to automatically adjust equipment settings such as valves, pumps, or fans.

12. Sales Engineer

A sales engineer is a technical professional who supports the sales process by providing specialist product or technical knowledge and expertise to customers, account managers and the wider sales team. They work with customers to identify and specify requirements, assess customer proposals and provide feedback on commercial terms.

Sales engineers typically have a degree in an engineering or scientific discipline, and may have industry experience as well. They are often responsible for producing detailed product proposals, presentations and quotations for customers, as well as providing input on design changes and supporting field trials. They also work with the marketing team to develop new products and applications.

13. Field Service Engineer

A field service engineer is a professional who installs, maintains, and repairs equipment and machinery in the field. Field service engineers often work in difficult or dangerous environments, and must be able to think on their feet to solve problems as they arise.

Field service engineers are responsible for ensuring that machines are running properly and safely, and often work long hours to meet deadlines. They must be able to communicate effectively with other members of the team, as well as customers or clients, in order to diagnose and fix problems quickly.

A field service engineer’s job can be challenging but also rewarding, as they are able to see the tangible results of their work. It is important for them to have a strong mechanical background, as well as good problem-solving and customer service skills.

14. Maintenance Engineer

A maintenance engineer is responsible for the preventive and corrective maintenance of machines, equipment, and other physical assets in a facility. This includes troubleshooting problems and making repairs as needed.

The main job duties of a maintenance engineer are to:

  • Perform regular inspections and complete routine maintenance tasks according to schedule
  • Troubleshoot problems and make necessary repairs
  • Document all work activities
  • Ensure safety procedures are followed at all times
  • Update Maintenance Manager on status of equipment/assets.

15. Solar Engineer

Solar energy is a form of renewable energy that comes from the sun. It is an attractive option for homeowners and businesses because it is a clean, reliable, and affordable source of energy.

Solar panels convert sunlight into electricity, which can be used to power your home or business. In addition to generating electricity, solar panels can also heat your water. Solar energy systems are becoming more and more popular as the cost of solar technology continues to decline.


Electrical engineering graduates have a wealth of opportunities awaiting them. We’ve highlighted just a few of the many options available, but there are plenty more where that came from. With the proper training and experience, electrical engineering graduates can find themselves working in almost any field they desire.

Are you an electrical engineering graduate looking for your dream job? If so, we hope this article has helped steer you in the right direction.